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8. Ş. Turan, “The Conquest of Fatih Mehmet Uzun Hasan and Venice”, Deraisi of Historical Studies, c. III, Ankara, 1965. 9. Seyfettin Erşahin, Akkoyunlular. Political, cultural, economic and social history, Ankara, 2002. 10. Ismail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı, etc., p. 205‐208, 224‐ 255. 11. İ.P. Petrushevskiy, “Qosudarstvo Azerbaydcana v XV veke”, Sbоrnik statey po istorii Azerbay‐ dcana, Vıpusk I, Baku, 1949; Jafar Ibrahimov, Essays on the history of Azerbaijan in the XV century, Baku, 1958; Again his: Dj. Ibragimov, Feodalgniye qosudarstva na territoryorii Azerbaydcana v XV veka, Baku, 1962; Yagub Mahmudov, Unlearned Pages, Baku, 1972; Also his: Azerbaijan Diplomacy, Baku, 1996; Shahin Farzali Beyli, Azerbaijan and the Ottoman Empire, Baku, 1999; Again his: 15th century Azerbaijani state‐
ABSTRACT The memoirs testifying to the National Struggle, the state of the Turkish armies after the Mondros Conquest, the occupation and the activities of the minorities, and many details related to social life can be seen in the testimonies of their acquaintances. The speech will continue as a moment to be the main source of the History of the Republic of Turkey with the War of Independence. Historians, in their work on this period, have to refer to the Great Speech. Because the speech is a resource that was first lost and written by the leader of the bizzat movement. Due to the limited scope of the study, a small number of examples related to the period are given. Keywords: Mondros Mütarekesi, Millî Mücadele, Hatıralar THE NATIONAL STRUGGLE ERA IN THE MEMOIRS ABSTRACT In the memoirs which witnessed the National Struggle, the situation of the Turkish army after the Armistice of Mudros, invasions, the activities of the minorities and a lot of details regarding the social life can be seen with the testimonies of the witnesses. The Great Speech, will always be the fundamental source for the Independence War and the history of the Republic of Turkey. Historians have to refer to The Great Speech in their studies regarding these periods. Because The Great Speech is a source from the first hand and is written by the leader of the movement. Because of the limits of this study, only some memoirs are examined Key words: Armistice of Mudros, National Struggle, Memoirs.
Introduction The researches carried out during the National Struggle period are mainly the main sources used in newspapers and periodicals, TBMM Zabıt cerideleri, official statistics and other publications. In this regard, the period of National Struggle encompasses a process in which the diversity of sources is very large (Kocaoğlu, 2002). One of the most important sources of the period is the Memoirs of the Speaker of the Parliament and Prime Minister Gazi Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (Uzun, 2006). Memoirs of the leading soldiers and politicians of the period to researchers, archive document Number 26, 2009
They have a lot of information that they can’t find in them. Man cannot go back to the past, but uses his past experiences to understand the current situation (Hariman, 1964: 616). Memories are valuable sources that historians have always encountered